Comparison of Injection Meglumine Antimoniate with a Combination of Injection Meglumine Antimoniate and Carbon Dioxide Fractional Ablative Laser in Treatment of Cutaneous Leshmaniasis
Aim: To see the efficacy of meglumine antimoniate alone in comparison with combination of meglumine antimoniate and CO2 ablative laser among patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Study design: Quasi-experimental study.
Place and duration of study: Department of Dermatology, Pakistan Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi from 9th July 2020 to 8th January 2021.
Methodology: Sixty patients (30 in each group) diagnosed cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis by skin biopsy or slit skin smear were enrolled. In group A; intramuscular injection of meglumine antimoniate (dose 20 mg/kg daily) was administered for 28 days and group B was treated with intramuscular meglumine antimoniate injection along with fractional C02 ablative laser. Standard digital photography was done before start of treatment and then every 2 weeks.
Results: Efficacy of meglumine antimoniate alone was observed in 60% of patients while it was 86.7% when combined with fractional CO2 ablative laser. Better outcome was observed when such patients were treated with both meglumine antimoniate and fractional CO2 laser. Efficacy was measured after 6 x weeks in all patients of both groups.
Clinical Implication: Hence CO2 lasers are latest modality of treatment with minimal side effects and can be used in treatment of patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Conclusion: Efficacy of meglumine antimoniate plus fractional CO2 laser found to be higher as compared to meglumine antimonate alone in treating cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, CO2 fractional ablative laser, Meglumine antimoniate, Slit skin smear