Pattern of Skullhurt and Injuries among Victims with Motorcycle Crashes with or without Safety Elements and Helmets


  • Malik Liaqat Ali Jalal, Muhammad Sohaib Anwer, Faisal Ali, Wajahat Hussain, Huda Abbas



Skullhurt, motorcycle crash, helmets, skull trauma


Aim: Pattern and severity of skullhurt and injuries in victims involved in bike crashes, whether or not they were wearing a hat.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was performed from January to December 2021. The sample size was 151. Cases with impeded GCS and brain malformations on CT scan were included. On the basis of GCS, 3–8, 9–12, and 13–15, we classified skull injuries as severe, moderate, or mild. SPSS 22 was used to analyze the data. The chi-square test was used.

Results: The research included 151 people, with 66(43.7%) of them being between the ages of 20 and 29. There were 139 males (92.1%). At the scene of the collision, 120(79.5%) of the victims in bike crashes were travelling the bike. Brain edema was found in the greatest proportion of victims 40 (26.5%), accompanied by cuts and bruises i.e. 36(23.8%). There were 65 victims who were with proper safety elements and helmets at the time of the accident (43.1%). The intensity of skull trauma in relation to helmet use revealed that 42 (82.4%) of the 51 individuals with symptomatic fractured skull were not n proper safety at the scene of the collision.

Conclusion: Skull injuries were always more prevalent in the boys and the extent of the damage was greater in victims who were not wearing a helmet.