Journal of Medical and Health Sciences

Vol. 11, Issue 4, OCT – DEC  2017

Website: www.pjmhsonline.com

 

Editorial

1208

International Scenario of Health Issues

Kamran Aziz

Original Articles

1209

Distribution of Odontogenic Cyst in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Over a Period of One Year

Benish Aleem, Afshan Hussain, Sadia Anwar, Rabia Anjum

1211

Hypoglycemia in patients presenting with Liver Cirrhosis

Atif Majeed, Muhammad Yasir Arafat, Imran Ali

1214

Frequency of Hyponatremia in patients of Chronic Liver Disease

Memoona Mumtaz, Waqar Ahmad, Azhar Hafeez Khan

1217

Myocardial Infarction Causing Remodeling of Cardiomyoctyes

Salman Haseeb Chaudhary, Sana Amin, Tuba Jamil

1221

Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression among patients of Cardiovascular diseases

Waqar Ahmad, Mir Ahmed Raza, Azhar Hafeez Khan

1224

Prevalence of Hyperkalemia in Myocardial infarction

Memoona Mumtaz, Mir Ahmed Raza, Imran Ali

1227

Obstructed Labor: Still a Harsh Reality

Maimoona Qadir, Mehak Sleem Ghauri

1231

Tolerability Profile and Therapeutic Responses of Unipeg® plus Ribavirin in Patients with Untreated Chronic HCV Genotype 2 or 3 Infection

Muhammad Zafar Majeed Babar, Abdul Waheed Ch., Mazhar Hussain

1235

Incidence, Patterns of Presentation and Management Outcomes of Obstructed Inguinal Hernias

Mushafia Hassan, UsamaIqbal, Muhammad IrfanFazal, Abrar Ashraf Ali,  A Uzair Qureshi, S Farooq

1238

Risk factors for Anemia in Pregnant Women in a rural area of Bahawalnagar Pakistan

Rukhshanda Khalid, Jawaria Irshad, Aroosa Saleem, Sana Ashraf

1243

Frequency of Diabetic Retinopathy in Newly Diagnosed Cases of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Syed Anees Ahmed Gardezi, Sobia Latif, Kamran Zaheer Butt, Manzoor Qadir

1246

Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease

Lal Badshah, Shahida Malik, Sheraz Saleem

1249

Incidence of Decline in Vitamin B12 Level into Diagnosed Patients of Multiple Myeloma

Zulfiqar Ali, Lubna Farooqi, Mohammad Faisal Khan

1253

Effects of Lead Exposure on Serum Uric Acid and Hb levels in Fruit Venders of BadamiBagh

Muhammad Humayoun, Ambreen Khalid, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Sarwar Hussain, Maira Mahmood

1256

KAP Study regarding Dengue Fever among general population in Multan

Syed Muhammad Raza Shah, Mustansar Billah

1259

Frequency of Anaemia in Patients in AkhtarSaeed Trust Hospital

Alia Waheed, AhsanFarooq Khan, Muhammad Naim Ashraf, Shehzada Khalid

1263

Five Year Experience of Wilms Tumor at a tertiary care centre, where we stand

Saadia Anwar, Mahwish Faizan, Safia Khan, Nabila Tallat, Muhammad Saleem, Arifa Khalid, Qaiser, Abid Qureshi, Agha Shabbir Ali, Ahsan Waheed Rathore

1267

Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms after Child Birth Frequency, Risk Factor

Nadia Maqbool, Shahla Baqai, Amera Tariq, Nabila Iram, Gul-E-Rana

1271

Frequency of blaVIM gene in Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

Sonia Tahir, Sidrah Saleem, Shah Jahan

1274

Fetomaternal Outcome in Expectant Management of Prom at Term

Shazia Javed, Rubina Naurin, Bushra Sultana, Tayyaba Majeed, Zahid Mahmood

1277

Stress, Anxiety and Depression among the Dental Students of University College of Medicine

NajmaNaz, Saba Iqbal, Asif Mahmood

1282

Study of Risk Factor Cotributary in the Development of Diabetic Foot Ulceration

Mujahid Alam, Sabahat Javaid Butt, Khizar Hayyat, Assam Arshad, Sameea Mubarak

 

1287

Her-2/ c-erb B 2 receptors Expression in Benign Fibroepithelial Lesions – Fibroadenomas

Sabahat Javaid Butt, Mujahid Alam, Ashraf Muhammad

1291

Early Experience of Laparoscopy in Emergency Operation Theatre at LGH, Lahore

Ahmad Naeem Akhtar, Muhammad Shabbir Ahmad, Muhammad Imran Khokhar, M Farooq Afzal

1293

Endocrine Profile of Microcephaly patients from central Punjab

Qasim M Janjua, Arwa Humayun, Filza Mukhtar, Hina Mahmood, Sara Mukhtar, Maimoona Nasreen

1296

Relationship between Persistent Back Pain and Spinal Anesthesia

Omair Muhammad Siddique, Adnan Nasir, Muhammad Ahmed, Faheed Ul Haq

1300

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rural and Urban Population

Adnan Nasir, Muhammad Ahmed, Saad Munir, Zeeshan Hassan, Imair Muhammad Siddique

1305

Interrelationship of Factor X1 and D-dimer as a Marker of Risk of DVT in Dengue Fever

Farwa Sijjeel, Mateen Izhar, Shahida Amjad Riaz Shah

1309

Outcomes of Early Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients of Acute Cholecystitis

Arslan Siddiqui, Muhammad Ahmad, Ali Hassan

1312

Correlation between Bolton Ratios and Different Facial Types

Muhammad Azeem, Sheroz Ali, Husnain Akram, Usman Shakoor, Arshad Mehmood, M Imran Khan

1315

Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Bond with Conventional Light Emitting Diode

Husnain Akram, Muhammad Azeem, Aqeel Ahmed, Usman Shakoor, Arshad Mehmood,  M Imran Khan6

1318

Effect of Bilateral Nasal Packing on Systemic Blood Pressure after Septoplasty

Muhammad Dawood Saleem, Bakht Aziz, Samia Andleeb

1321

Frequency of Aspergillus Infection with Nasal Polyps and Proptosis

Bakht Aziz, Aamer Ayub Awan, Samia Andleeb, Muhammad Dawood Saleem

1324

Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients of Type 2 Diabetes

Sarmad Saleem, Arslan Siddiqui, Zafar Iqbal

1327

Hair Dyes (Black Stone) Toxicity and its Complications

Mazhar Abbas, Munazza Noor, Azhar Abbas Khan

1330

Relationship of Serum Leptin with Menarche and Pubertal Stages in young girls

Uzma Ather, Muhammad Saleem, Aska Saleem, Farah Gul

1338

Blood Donation:-Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Of Medical and Non-Medical Students

Raees Ur Rehman, Amjad Hussain, Fizza Masood, Syeda Mahwish, Imran Jawaad, M Zahid Latif

1341

Our Experience of Day Case Surgery of Varicose Veins in Relation to Delaying Factors

Maryam Faisal, Farooq Ahmad, Faisal Rauf, Waqar Ahmad

1346

Efficacy of Theophylline for Prevention of Kidney Dysfunction in Neonates with  Birth Asphyxia

Ghazala Khursheed, Sidra Khursheed, Hamid Mehmood, Shamila Afshan

1349

A Survey of Smoking Behaviour and Attitudes to Quitting in Psychiatric Outpatients

Raheel Aziz, BushraMubarika Butt, AhsanUl Haq

1353

Prevalence of Anaemia in Children Under 12 Years: A One Year Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital,

Rizwan Akhtar, Muhammad Usman Shams, Ahmed Nasir Hanifi, Abdul Waheed

1357

Hepatitis B and C, two silent killers: Age and gender based prevalence

RizwanAkhtar, Muhammad Usman Shams, Ahmed Nasir Hanifi

1360

Comparison of two different infusion rates of Phenylephrine as a Prophylaxis against Spinal Anaesthesia induced Hypotension in Elective Caesarian Sections.

Irfan Ali, Farrukh Afzal , Madiha Zafar, Khawar  Ali

1365

Frequency of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children: Cross-sectional survey of outpatients

Itaat Ullah Khan Afridi, Huma Afridi, Beenish Riaz, Ghazanfar Ali Sheikh

1369

Perinatal Mortality in Twin Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Booked And Un-Booked Cases

Huma Afridi, Itaat Ullah Khan Afridi, Beenish Riaz

1372

Premenstrual Syndrome in Young Girls in Diagnostic Medical Center

Humaira Akram, Tabassum Firdous

1374

Prevalence of Anemia in Pregnant Women in Central Punjab

Muhammad Akram Ch., HumairaAkram, AmnaMubeen

1377

Important Mortality Predictors in Patients of Decompensated Chronic Liver Disease

Muhammad Fayyaz, RabbiaRana, Taseer Iftikhar, Mujeeb Ullah Makki

1380

How to Minimise Bile Duct Injury in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?

Muhammad Basil Rizvi, Muhammad Zahid Akbar Chohan, Hassan Muhammad Khan, Usman Khan

1384

Open Access Technique in Laparoscopic Surgery - our experience of initial 100 cases

Hassan Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Zahid Akbar Chohan, Muhammad Basil Rizvi, Usman Khan

1387

The Role of Aloevera Extract on Bacterial Count in the Urine of Albino Rats

Shazia Asim, Sajida Malik, Humaira Siddique, Wardah Siddique

1391

Relationship of Anti-HCV Positivity and Malnutrition among Pts on Maintenance Hemodialysis

ShafiqCheema, Faheem U Sulehri, Umair Haider, Abeera Kali

1395

Relationship of Cytological with Histopathological Examination of Palpable Thyroid Nodule

Nausheen Henna, Shahzad Ahmed Fakhar, NaveedAkhter, M MAfzal, K Aftab A Khan, T Rashid, F Aziz

1399

Gynaecological Diagnosis in Patients with Provisional Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis

Humaira, Sanha Sarwar, AnsarLatif, Adnan Maqbool, Asif Sajjad

1402

Effectiveness of Anaesthesia for Appendicectomy: comparison of spinal anaesthesia with other modalities being practiced in Emergency Department of AllamaIqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital.

Ansar Latif, Muhammad Farrukh Bhatti, AnumQadir, Zoha Ali Shahwar, Sharoon Shahzad

1407

Evaluation of Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in children with Cerebral Palsy

Muhammad Jamil Azhar, Aneela Zareen, Zulfiqar Saleem, Rana Akhtar

 

1412

Comparison of Surgical Excision versus Aspiration and Injection of Steroid of Wrist Ganglion

Maaz-Ul-Hassan, Muhammad Tahir Ali, Asif Nadeem

1415

Urine Protein to Creatinine Ratio- Early Predictor of Ch Kidney Disease in Pre-Eclamptic Women

Rukhshan Khurshid, Asad Mahmood Khan, Laiba Khalid, Muddasir Zia, Mumtaz Begum

1419

Knowledge, Attitude & Practices towards Dengue Fever

Fatima Saleem, Momna Iqbal, Syed Muhammad Javed Iqbal, Tahira Ashraf

1423

Knowledge of EPI Vaccination among Primigravida Mothers

Marium Younus, Samar Fatima Ijaz, Amara Mateen, Tahira Ashraf

 

1426

A Retrospective Study to Evaluate Precipitating Factors, Outcome and Importance of Health Education

Muhammad Bilal Nasir, Junaid Mushtaq, Ali Abass, Ghias Un Nabitayyab, IsrarulHaq

1430

Statistical Evaluation of Accuracy of Mammography in Early Breast Cancer Detection

Saima Qayyum, Muhammad Tayyab Ishtiaq, Rafshan Sadiq, Attique Khan Shahid, Arooma Marya, Sidra Saif, Tehzeeb Aslam, Sadia Aslam, Kishver Tusleem, Muhammad Tahir Ul Qamar

1436

Periodontitis and Blood Glucose Level in Obese and Non Obese Type-2 Diabetic Patients

Asmat Shaheen, Mohammad Bashir, Muhammad Ashraf, Sofia Iqbal, Salim Khattak, Roshan Ali

1438

Diagnostic Accuracy of Doppler Ultrasound for Diagnosis of Endometrial Cain Postmenopausal Bleeding

Shazia Muzammil, Naseera Khanum, Naveen Abu Bakar

1440

A Comparative Study of Hepatitis B and C Prevalence Using ICT and Elisa Method in jail inmates

Muhammad Ayub Khan, Abdullah Ayub, HabibahAyub, Muhammad Shafique, Jameel A Rahman

1442

Trends of Weapons Used in Lieu of Assault to the Persons Seeking Medicolegal Certification

Muhammad Iqbal, Syed MuddasarHussain, Arif Rasheed Malik

 

1444

Emerging role of Laparoscopy in females presenting with lower abdominal pain in our setup

Farooq Butt,  Imran Idrees Butt, M Nadeem Aslam

 

1447

Comparative Study of Serum Albumin and Platelet Count as Predictors of Esophageal Varices

Zahid Hussain Shah, Farrukh Ghias, Beenish Safdar, Irshad Hussain Qureshi, Sajid Abadullah

 

1450

Study of Predictive Value of Portal Vein Diameter and Serum Albumin for High Grade Esophageal Varices

Zahid Hussain Shah, Farrukh Ghias, Beenish Safdar, Irshad Hussain Qureshi, Sajid Abadullah

 

1453

Quality of life Assessment in a patient with Urticaria

Farrukh Ghias, Zahid Hussain Shah, Beenish Safder, Imran Mahfooz Khan, Ali Shuaib

 

1458

Predictive accuracy of Rocalls Risk score for in hospital mortality of Pts with Variceal Upper GI Bleed

Farrukh Ghias, Zahid Hussain Shah, BeenishSafder, Imran Mahfooz Khan, Ali Shuaib

 

1462

Pregnancy Related Acute Kidney Injury

Fatima Naseer, Sundas Khan, FaizaMaqbool, Mansoor Ahmad Tarar

1464

Hypersplenism in Chronic Liver Disease

Fatima Naseer, Sundas Khan, FaizaMaqbool, Mansoor Ahmad Tarar

1466

Risk Factors for the Complications of Paediatric Incarcerated Inguinal Hernia

Muhammad Ashfaq, Saima Manzoor, Muhammad Mushtaq

1469

Tubrculin and Sputum Smear Positivity among Doctors and Paramedics of a Tertiary Care Hospital

Muhammad Usman, Muhammad Azam Mushtaq, Sammon, Aisha Khan

1472

Manners and Modalities of Unnatural Deaths in Multan

Farrukh Aziz, Tariq Azhar, Niaz Ahmad Baluch

1475

Incidence of Bony Injuries among Medicolegal Cases at Forensic Medicine Department, NMC, Multan

Farrkh Aziz Bhutta, Asadullah,  Niaz  Ahmad Baluch

1478

Abdominal Ultrasonographical Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnosis of Hepatobiliary Masses

M. KaleemQaisarani, Muhammad Farooq Khan Niazi, Naveed Hyder

1482

Lipid Profile in Cerebrovascular Accidents

AzharSaeed, Khalil-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Asif

1485

Determinants of Dental Caries in Primary School Going Children of Multan

AnamTahir, Rubab Jahangir, Abdul Ahad

1489

Quality of Life among Hepatitis C Patients on Interferon Therapy

Mazhar Munir Khan, Arslan Ahmad, Muhammad Fawad Ali

1493

Knowledge and Practices of Dental Surgeons Working in Private Clinics about Hepatitis B and C

TabindaNasir, Daud Tai, Umbreen Fazal

1497

Role of Tobacco in Oral Health of Factory Workers

TabindaNasir, Umbreen Fazal, Sara Izhar

 

1501

Immunization in Medical Students: Knowledge and Practice

SadiaRiaz, MehwishArif, SeemaDaud

1505

Morphological Spectrum of Gallbladder Disease: a retrospective study in a private medical college Sarmad Mansoor, Farzad Effan, Shazia Ibnerasa, Seema Butt, Saira Rathore

1509

A Comparison of Typhidot test with Widal test and Blood culture for the Diagnosis of Enteric Fever 

Shafqat Husnain Khan, Surraya Jabeen, Riazul Haq Subhani, SajidaYasmeen, Amanulhaq Subhani

1512

Emergency Contraception: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Women of Childbearing-age

Rukhsana Manzoor, Shazia Tazion, Nagia Anjum

1518

Blood Donors Awareness to Know Blood Group and Prevalence of HIV, HBsAg and Anti HCV Screening

M Fahim Ul Haq, Awais Gohar, M Shahroz Humza, Asif Aziz Lodhi, Shama Akram, Samiah Shahid

1521

Awareness and Knowledge about Cataract and Factors Affecting Cataract Surgery among Rural Population of Punjab

Sheerin Fateen, Fatima Rafique, Miskhat Iram, Hafiza Hafsa Mehwish, Abdul Malik, Ahmad Kamal Khan

1525

Demographic Factors in Paediatric Tuberculosis

Jamal Anwer, Sardar Ali , Ghulam Mustafa, Ashiq Husain

1528

Obesity, Body Mass Index and Risk of Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study

Maira Mahmood, Faiza Aamer, ArhamJ aved, Muhammad Fahimul Haq, Riffat Yasmin

1531

Patient Satisfaction with Anatomical Laboratory Services at a tertiary care hospital

SehrChaudhary, Assad Ameer, Muhammad Raheel Anwar, FakehaRehman, Rakhshindah Bajwa

 

1534

Reasons for Blindness in Lahore - Pakistan

Nabeegh Rana, Samia Sumble, Anum Arshad, Asif Iqbal

 

1537

Intubating Conditions with Varying Doses of Propofol Without Muscle Relaxants in Paediatric Patients

Madiha Zafar, Farrukh Afzal, Irfan Ali, Khawar Ali

 

1541

A Comparative Study of Dietary Patterns in the Patients withCoronary Artery Disease and Control

Awais Anwar, Sohaib Aslam, Amna Akram

 

1543

Obesity and Smoking are Risk Factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis in general population - a comparative clinical study

Saad Aslam, Rukhsana Mirza, Humaira Shaukat

 

1545

Association of HDL and Triglyceride levels with Fatty Liver Disease in Type 2 Diabetes

Sarah Shoaib Qureshi, Sohail Nasir, Zunair Wasim, Mehrin Awais, Shamail Zafar

 

1549

Comparatively the Physiological and Biochemical Changes in Diabetic and Non Diabetic Individuals with Decrease Na­+/K+-Atpase Activity

Saad Aslam, Rukhsana Mirza, Farooq Ahmad Malik

Case Reports

1551

Staged Management of a Giant, Recurrent, Strangulated Ventral Hernia with Component Separation and Biologic Mesh Placement

Hammad Akram, Zakaur Rab Siddiqui, Samira Ajmal

 

1553

Cartilaginous Differentiation in Abdominal Peritoneum: A Case Report

Seema Butt, Shazia N. Ibnerasa, Saira Rathore

Original Articles

1555

Positive Predictive Value of CT Scan in Detecting Bowel Ischemia in Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction Taking Operative Findings as Gold Standard

Faisal Rauf, Sajid Malik, Maryam Faisal

 

1558

Per-Operative Complications of Phacoemulsification in Patients WithPseudoexfoliation

Iftikhar A Sahito, Anwaar-ul-Haq Hashmi, Arshad Mahmood, Zahid Mahmood, Ayesha Azam, Mateen Amir

 

1561

Frequency of Acute Osteomylitis in Children of Age Less Than Fifteen Years

Mohammad Shabir, Muhammad Inam, Ihsanullah, ShahidIqbal, Ihsanullah

 

1564

Vital Tooth Bleaching and Management of Post Operative Sensitivity: A Clinical Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Different Desensitizing Materials

Nadeem Tarique, Rabia Awan, Muhammad Imran Saleh

 

1568

Prognostic Value of C - reactive protein in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients treated conservatively and Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Saadia Sajjad, Saima Sajjad, JunaidIqbal, Saboohi Saeed, Sibgha Zulfiqar

 

1571

Effects of Diabetes on Heart and Liver in Population of Gujrat

Syed Muhammad Ahsan Raza, Komal Murtaza, Arifa Aman, Safa Murtaza, Aiman Murtaza

 

1574

Knowledge About and Attitude towards Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Amongst First Year Medical Students of Continental Medical College Lahore

Razia Chaudhry

 

1579

Highlighting the Darkness: Exploring the Causes of Death among Exhumed Bodies in Karachi

Ramlah Naz, Mehreen Fatima, Summaiya Tariq, Rukhsana Rubeen, Arshad Khan

 

1583

Incremental Response of Total Thrombocyte Count of Papaya Leaves

Asif Ahmed, Azra Saleem, Abdul Wahab Shaikh, Farhat Jehan, Asadullah, Benazir Abbasi

 

1587

Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in COPD Patients of Rahimyar Khan

Farukh Shahzad, Khalil Asrar, Farukh Salman

 

1590

Prevalent Impediments of Acute Cholecystectomy in Acute Biliary Pancreatitis

Khalil Asrar, Farukh Salman, Farukh Shahzad

 

1593

To See the Levels of Vitamin D in Patients of Asthma

Farah Nawaz, Rab Nawaz Raja

1596

Evaluation Human Error in Control Room

Amin Babaei Pouya, Sadegh Hazrati, Mehdi Vosoughi, Zeinab Mosavianasl, Ehsanollah Habibi

 

1601

Effect of Striped Snakehead fish (ophiocephalusstriatus) extract supplement pills compared to human albumin infusion on Albumin Serum, Lipid Profile, Malondialdehyde and IL-8 serum level on Nephrotic Syndrome

M Herumuryawan, Galuh Hardaningsih

1607

The value of inflammatory markers in acute appendicitis: A diagnostic accuracy Study

Ibtesam  K. Salih, auday j. Al-dabbagh, Qays A. Hassan

1612

Daud Fasting Effects on Haematological, Renal and Lipid Profile in Post Menopausal Women

Ikafidianingsih, Russy Novita Andriani, Muthiaaddina, Nuraisyahjamil

1617

Women Experience of Tubectomy in Kiarapedes Subdistrict

Moudy E.U. Djami, Indrayani, Ong Tjandra, Zahra Alaydrus

1623

Nurses Perceived Barriers toward Pressure Ulcer Prevention in Critical Care Units in Jordan

Laila Habiballah

1629

Barriers to Compliance with the Codes of Medical Ethics at Hospitals Affiliated with Jahrom University of Medical Sciences in 2016

Leili Mosalanezhad , Mansour Tafvizi, Lotfollah Dezhkam*, Mozhdeh Porkhorshid

1637

An Investigation of the Effect of Music Therapy on Body Image of Women with Breast Cancer

Anahita Khodabakhshi Koolaee,  Masoumeh Sofi Naeistani, Leili Mosalanejad

1644

Public Awareness of Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Deficiency Causes and Prevalence Factors

Muath Salman Almuhai, Akram Ibrahem Alwassel, Osama Mansour Alateeq, Mohammed Khalid Alruzayhi

1647

Colonization of Sweet Potato Roots by Rhizobacterial Isolates

Farzana Yasmin, Radziah Othman, Nazmul Mhm

1653

Factors Influencing Patients in Hospital Selection and Satisfaction with Inpatient Services

Sijo George, Rajesh Kamath, Brayal d’Souza, Sagarika Kamath, Rohan Kamath

 

1657

Assessment of knowledge, Practice and Barrier in use of Facemask among University Students

Imtiaz Ahmad, Sehar Altaf, Hafiz M. Ahmad

 

1659

Preventive Role of Wearing Facemask in of Droplet Infection

Sehar altaf, Imtiaz Ahmad, Hafiz M. Ahmad, Nida Khizra, Rida Akbar, Sehrish Noor, Saad Munir, Sarfraz Hussain

  1661A

A Morphometric Study of Foramen Ovale in Dried Human Skulls

SZAHRA HAIDER BOKHARI, MAHJABEEN MUNIRA, S. M. SAMEE, RAAFEA TAFWEEZ